For most of a century trains are powered by electrical propulsion, now we can finally realize long distance travelling by battery-electrified trains. Not only the demonstration projects, more and more companies are putting R&D resources to battery-electrify our most important mass transportation. Battery-electric train has no or limited overhead lines for minimizing infrastructure investment, furthermore, it provides a much more quite operation for a more comfortable environment for travellers. Like electric vehicles, we need a new test scheme for all new power electronics components on the new battery-electric train.
EA Elecktro-Automatik, the leader of Europe DC power solution, offers the right and state-of-the-art solution for the coming new era on locomotive. PSB Bi-directional power supply offers the flexibility to test D2D converters without using a real battery; PSI Programmable DC power supply provides the rich waveform generation in order to fulfil the standard EN 50155-2017; ELR Regenerative DC load is the best power density for battery life testing for both Li-ion and fuel cell technology.
Bidirectional DC Programmable Power Supplies
Programmable DC Power Supplies
Programmable DC Electronic Loads
(Conventional and regenerative)
Fuel cell offers a stable and high capacity power for long distance travelling range, with the support of Li-ion rechargeable battery, this hybrid solution realizes the future of battery electric-trains. Optimalization the energy flow between fuel cell, Li-ion and DC-DC converter would be a challenging task for engineers. To conduct different scenario test cases, a programmable and configurable battery simulator could simplify the test time and shorten time-to-market.
Typical Test Setup
Fuel Cell Simulation in EA PowerControl
Battery Simulation in EA Battery Simulator
Not only your mobile phone needs charging, we need to charge the train also.
Below is simplified power distribution diagram inside a train. We have battery charger, DC-DC converter, DC-AC inverter and consumer circuitries (e.g., lighting and air-conditioning). We need a wide range of DC programming power supplies to fulfil the test on verifying the locomotive power modules can operate under extreme temperature and mechanical conditions.
A battery-electric train always requires a high-performance test environment with a highly dynamic output capacity of DC power supplies. With regard to the EN 50155-2017 standard, D2D converters in battery-electric trains have to operate under a certain amplitude in the normal state.
In addition, similar voltage fluctuation tests are also required for the main power modules in the train. Bidirectional power supplies from EA offer not only a compact power rack (240kW/42U) but also a flexible function generator for the user to transmit different waveforms of the test voltage.
Waveform of the voltage fluctuation (300V/2,5ms, no load condition)
A ripple of 60Hz at 220Vdc offset (no load condition)
An example of a 180kW Power Rack